Myofunctional therapy is a program used to correct the improper function of the tongue and facial muscles used at rest, for chewing and swallowing.
The relationship between muscles of the face, mouth and throat are essential for the correct act of swallowing. This vital balance requires the tip of the tongue to press firmly against the hard palate (roof of the mouth), slightly behind the front teeth. The tongue acts in harmony with all other muscles involved in swallowing, while the hard palate absorbs the pressure created by the tongue.
This disorder may directly and/or indirectly affect the following:
- Oral hygiene
- Facial skeletal growth and development
- Facial aesthetics
- Temporomandibular joint movement
- Orthodontic treatment
Swallowing incorrectly typically involves the tip or sides of the tongue pressing against the teeth, often referred to as tongue thrust. This contact pressure on the teeth or irregular tongue thrusting may shift the teeth.
This condition may later prevent teeth from erupting or lead to an abnormal bite, including malocclusion. This can negatively impact a person’s ability to correctly chew, swallow and digest food.
What is myofunctional therapy?
Myofunctional therapy is a specialised program designed to address orofacial myofunctional disorder (OMDs), which refers to the improper function of the face, mouth and throat muscles.
The goals of myofunctional therapy include:
- Promoting a lip seal
- Promoting a palatal tongue rest position
- Promoting a posterior, teeth together swallow
- Facilitating bi-lateral chewing and correct drinking
- Keeping hands and objects away from the face
- Facilitating nasal breathing
- Developing a harmonious peri-oral muscle pattern
- Correcting dysfunctional habit patterns
Myofunctional therapy and orthodontics
The tongue posture and swallowing pattern guides the teeth and bones all your life, so if this pattern is not changed the relapse of the orthodontic treatment will be imminent.
The objective of incorporating oral myology or myofunctional therapy with orthodontics is to avoid relapse after straightening the teeth.
Myofunctional therapy Sunshine Coast
To discover more about myofunctional therapy treatment at Lake View Dental in Kawana on the Sunshine Coast, please contact our team today.